Building a Closet: 15 Steps (with Pictures)

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Building a Closet: 15 Steps (with Pictures)
Building a Closet: 15 Steps (with Pictures)

Have you ever wondered how to build your own kitchen, bathroom or office cabinets? Knowing how to build a closet can save you thousands of dollars. It makes a lot of difference if you have nice cabinets in your house, but most stores charge a lot of money for this furniture. Cut the cost in half by learning how to build your own closet.


Build a Cabinet Step 1

Step 1. Make a construction drawing

The standard depth of a kitchen worktop is typically 63.5cm and the cabinets themselves are 60cm deep to allow for an overhang of 3.5cm. The standard height of a kitchen worktop is 91.5 cm and the cabinets are usually 87.5 cm high to leave room for the kitchen worktop. For wall cabinets (hanging above the counter) you need to add 45-50 cm to the standard 91.5 cm, all the space above can be used to hang cabinets on the wall. The width of the cabinets can vary from 30-150 cm, but should always be widened/narrowed in steps of 7.5 cm. The most common widths are 38, 45, 5, 53 and 60.5 cm. When determining the width of your cabinets, always take into account the size of the doors that you can or want to buy.

Build a Cabinet Step 2

Step 2. Saw the walls

Saw the side panels from a 2 cm thick piece of MDF, chipboard or suitable type of laminate. The walls are not visible, so the appearance of the material is not important. Its strength and durability does. The panels will be 87.5 cm high and 60.5 cm wide. Clamp the walls together and cut out a 5x14 cm piece for the plinth. This will be the corner at the bottom of the front.

When making hanging wall cabinets, the dimensions should correspond to your own taste. The standard depth is 30-35.5 cm. The height depends on how high you want them and how high your ceiling is. A cutout for a skirting board is not necessary here

Build a Cabinet Step 3

Step 3. Saw the bottom

The bottom will be 60.5cm deep, but the width will depend on the size of your kitchen. Make sure the width of the bottom leaves room for the width of the side panels.

Again, the depth of wall cabinets is between 30 and 35.5 cm and is therefore not 60.5 cm. For wall cabinets you need 2 bottom pieces per cabinet

Build a Cabinet Step 4

Step 4. Cut the base panels for the front and back

Use wood of 2.5 x 15 cm and cut 2 pieces to the width of the bottom. Skip this step if you are making wall cabinets.

Build a Cabinet Step 5

Step 5. Saw the reinforcement panels

Cut two more pieces the same width to hold the tops together. Skip this step if you are making wall cabinets.

Build a Cabinet Step 6

Step 6. Saw the front panels

The front panels will be assembled like a picture frame and are the part of the cabinet that is visible. That is why it is good to use dimensional wood of a type of wood that appeals to you for these panels. Depending on the part of the panel and the style you want, you can use pieces of wood that are 2.5x5, 2.5x7.5 or 2.5x10 cm.

Build a Cabinet Step 7

Step 7. Attach the front and back panels to the bottom

Align and glue them in place so that one flat side is flush with the back edge of the panel and the other side is 7.5 cm from the edge of the front. Then use butt joints to drive screws through the bottom into the edges of the front and back panels. Pre-drilled holes are a good idea.

Build a Cabinet Step 8

Step 8. Attach the side walls to the bottom

Glue and screw (with butt seams) the side panels to the bottom and front and back panels. Make sure the notch for the skirting boards is in the right place. Make sure all edges are flush against each other. Clamps and angle measurement tools can make this easier.

Build a Cabinet Step 9

Step 9. Attach the reinforcement panels

Glue and screw (again butt joints) the reinforcement for the back panel so that it lies flush against the wall. The front panel should be positioned so that it is flush with the kitchen worktop once fitted.

Build a Cabinet Step 10

Step 10. Nail the back panel

Measure properly and screw a 1/2 inch thick chipboard back panel into place. Wall cabinets require a thicker panel, for example a 2 cm thick MDF panel.

Build a Cabinet Step 11

Step 11. Reinforce the seams

Now reinforce all seams with angle brackets and screws.

Build a Cabinet Step 12

Step 12. Place the planks

Measure and mark the locations of at least 4 corner brackets (2 per side) and ensure they are level. Then slide the shelves into the cabinet. Do not place shelves in hanging wall cabinets.

Build a Cabinet Step 13

Step 13. Add Front Panels

Mount the front panels as you would mount a picture frame. You can do this with right angles, or use a miter saw. Depending on your skill level, use dowels, dowels or dowel joints to fasten the pieces together. Nail the assembled front panel to the cabinet and countersink the nails.

Build a Cabinet Step 14

Step 14. Place the cabinets

Put the boxes in place. Screw them through the back panel to the wall. Hanging wall cabinets may need more support, such as L-brackets (which can be covered with a backsplash), if you plan to hold heavy items such as dishes.

Build a Cabinet Step 15

Step 15. Install the doors

Install the doors on the front panel as recommended by the manufacturer. You can also install drawers, but this can be complicated and not recommended for beginners.

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