Building a WiFi antenna (with pictures)

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Building a WiFi antenna (with pictures)
Building a WiFi antenna (with pictures)
Anonim

Have you lost a WiFi antenna? Most antennas can be detached from a Wi-Fi card, making them easy to lose. With a few household supplies, you can make an effective replacement for your antenna that will last you a while until you can buy a full-fledged replacement. If you're having range issues, you can make your own directional antenna that can significantly improve the range of your wireless connection.

Steps

Method 1 of 2: Making an antenna from a paperclip

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 1

Step 1. Gather your materials and tools

To make an antenna you need a large paperclip, an empty Bic ballpoint pen and a roll of electrical tape. You will also need a ruler, scissors and a lighter.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 2

Step 2. Straighten the paperclip

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 3

Step 3. Measure and trim the paper clip

To obtain the best possible signal, the paper clip should be approximately 61 mm long. Try to get as close to this as possible for the most effective antenna.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 4

Step 4. Bend the paper clip

Bend it about 19 mm (3/4 inch) from one end of the paper clip at a 90° angle. This part goes into the port of the WiFi antenna.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 5

Step 5. Remove the refill from the pen

Because you are going to open the ink refill, it is wise to use a pen that is empty and no longer writes. Cut approximately 12-18 mm (1/2 inch to 3/4 inch) from the sleeve. This can get a bit dirty, so do this in the kitchen (because of the stains) and keep the sleeve away from you while cutting.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 6

Step 6. Slide the cut sleeve over the bent part of the paper clip

Make sure the sleeve extends about 1.5 mm (1/16 inch) past the end of the paper clip.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 7

Step 7. Melt the sleeve shut with the lighter

Take the lighter and CAREFULLY fuse the sleeve to the paper clip.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 8

Step 8. Insulate the antenna

Wrap the paper clip in electrical tape to prevent too much interference and disrupt the wireless signal.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 9

Step 9. Insert the paperclip into the antenna input

Take the end with the sleeve and insert it into the input of the antenna, making sure the pin of the input and the paperclip are pressed together inside the sleeve. If you manage to overlap them, the signal will be even better.

Method 2 of 2: Making a directional antenna

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 10

Step 1. Gather your materials and tools

To make this directional antenna, you will need a coaxial connector (N-Female chassis mount), four #6x1/4" nuts and bolts, 1 1/4" (32 mm) copper wire, a pigtail patch cable, and an empty aluminum can.

  • You will also need a drill, soldering iron and suitable screwdriver
  • A pigtail cable is a patch cable with a connector at both ends of the cable.
  • The aluminum can must have one side without a lid and one side with a metal bottom.
Make a Wifi Antenna Step 11

Step 2. Measure the diameter of the can

The diameter of the can determines where the connector will be attached. The can must be at least 7.6 cm wide, but 15 cm is also allowed.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 12

Step 3. Mark the connector mounting point

Measure from the bottom of the can and mark on the outside where the connector will go. This measurement depends on the diameter of the can. This measurement determines the maximum achievable signal strength. Here are a few common sizes:

  • 3 inches (7.6 cm) - 3.74 inches (9.5 cm)
  • 3.5 inches (8.9 cm) - 2.07 inches (5.25 cm)
  • 6 inches (15.2 cm) - 1.38 inches (3.5 cm)
Make a Wifi Antenna Step 13

Step 4. Poke a hole in the side of the can

Use a drill bit about the same size as an (N-Female) coaxial plug to drill a hole where the mark is. You can also use a hammer and nail so you don't have to drill.

If the (N-Female) coax plug has screws, drill small holes next to the larger hole so that you can screw the connector on

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 14

Step 5. Measure and cut the wire to the desired length

Take the electrical wire and attach it to the metal pin on the narrow side of the (N-Female) coax plug. The small plug and the length of the cord should add up to about 3 cm after it has been attached. Try to get as close to this length as possible for best reception.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 15

Step 6. Solder the electrical wire to the small end of the (N-Female) coax plug

Use a soldering iron for this. Now the probe (the actual antenna) is made. The cord should protrude from the connector.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 16

Step 7. Attach the probe to the can

After the solder has cooled you can attach the probe to the can with the wire on the inside and the screw on the outside. Use nuts and bolts to secure the probe to the can.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 17

Step 8. Attach the can to the wireless network card using the pigtail cable

Screw the pigtail cable to the probe and connect the other end to the connector of the antenna.

Make a Wifi Antenna Step 18

Step 9. Point the can towards the access point

The can should be facing the wireless access point (WAP). You can attach it to a camera tripod with a cable tie for easy aiming.

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