If too many programs are running at the same time and using up your RAM (Random Access Memory), your system may become less and less responsive. Follow the guide below to clear system memory of clutter and get your computer running as smoothly as before.
Method 1 of 3: Quit unnecessary programs
Step 1. How programs use RAM
Programs store their temporary data in the computer's RAM while the program is running. The more programs running, the more RAM is required. The easiest way to free up RAM is to close programs you don't use.
Step 2. Close unnecessary windows
If you have several programs on the screen at the same time, close the programs you are not using. For example, if you have a chat program open but you are not chatting, close this program.
Web browsers with multiple tabs open can consume a lot of system memory; Close tabs you don't use to help free up RAM
Step 3. Close the background programs
Some programs will continue to run despite you closing their windows. Most of them can be discovered by looking in the System Tray, which you can find at the bottom right of the desktop, next to the clock. Hover over the icons to see which programs are still active.
Right click on the icon to open the menu of each program. You can close most programs completely by clicking on the button. such menus. Some programs, such as antivirus programs, often cannot be completely closed via the context menu
Step 4. Prevent programs from starting on Windows startup
If too many programs start when Windows starts, it can have a serious impact on system performance and boot speed. There are several ways to prevent programs from starting with Windows:
- Change the settings of a program. Most programs that start with Windows have options to disable this. Open the program's options or preferences; you will usually find this option in the General/General section. For example, right-clicking on the Google Drive icons will open a menu. If you click on Preferences… a new window will appear. In the Misc. you will find a checkbox “Start Google Drive automatically when you start your computer”.
- Disable the startup services. Open the Run command by pressing the Windows key + R. Type “msconfig” in the box and press Enter. This opens the System Configuration window. Click the Startup tab to get a list of programs that start at the same time as the computer. Uncheck the boxes next to the programs you want to disable.
Step 5. Force close background programs
There are programs that run in the background where no icons are shown in the system tray and that are not in system configuration. To close these programs, go to the Task Manager. The quickest way to do this is with the key combination Ctrl+Alt+Del, after which you select Start Task Manager in the menu.
- Decide which programs you want to stop. Open the Processes tab. This will list every process running on your computer. At the bottom of the window you can see the percentage of RAM that is being used in total. Click Memory to sort the programs in order of RAM used.
- Select the program you want to close and click End Process. A window will open asking if you want to close the process, along with a warning that closing processes could negatively affect your system. Only close programs that you are sure you want to close. Closing certain programs can cause your system to become unstable until you restart it. Programs with the username “SYSTEM” are generally required for the system to run correctly.
Method 2 of 3: Restart Windows Explorer
Step 1. Open the Task Manager
Press Ctrl+Alt+Del and select the Task Manager from the list of options. The Task Manager opens. Click the Processes tab.
Step #2. Find Explorer (File Explorer)
Windows Explorer is the file explorer in Windows. Restarting it takes it out of RAM and reloads it, basically freeing up memory. Search for explorer.exe and press End Process. You can sort by program name by clicking the Image Name category. If you did it right, the taskbar and desktop will now disappear from the screen.
Step 3. Restart Windows Explorer
Click on the 'Applications' tab, then on 'New Task…'. In the window that opens, type “explorer.exe” in the text box and then click OK. Explorer will now open and the taskbar and desktop icons will reappear.
Method 3 of 3: Other adjustments
Step 1. Turn off Windows Defender
If you already have an antivirus/antispyware program running, Windows Defender is redundant and can be disabled. You do this by opening Windows Defender from the Control Panel. Then click on Tools, and select Options. Under Administrator, uncheck “Use this program” and click Save.
Step 2. Disable Windows Aero ut
Windows Aero is the graphical theme that Windows uses in Vista and 7. Open the Control Panel and select Performance Information and Tools. In the left menu, click on “Adjust visual effects”. This opens the Performance Options window, where you can set the appearance of Windows. You turn off Aero by selecting “Adjust for best performance” and click Apply. The screen will briefly go gray while the settings are being changed.
Step #3. Add more RAM
Memory doesn't cost that much these days, so upgrading the memory from an older computer may be a lot cheaper now than it was a few years ago. Refer to your computer's documentation to determine which type of RAM is compatible with your system. Check out the articles on wikiHow for instructions on installing RAM on your desktop and notebook.
Step 4. Free up memory on your Mac computer
OS X is quite efficient when it comes to memory usage, but sometimes programs that require a lot of memory can reserve memory and then the program won't free it up when it's stopped. To free up your Mac's memory, first launch the Terminal. You can find this in the Utilities folder, in Applications.
- In the terminal, type "purge" and then press Enter. The system will take some time to process the command.
- You can check how much system memory is being used before and after a particular process by opening Activity Monitor in the Utilities folder.